- Acropolis archaeological site
- Ancient Temple to Athena
- Archaic Votives Collection
- Parthenon Gallery
- Temple of Athena Nike
USAGE INSTRUCTIONS. Please print out the email voucher you receive from this site and take it to the Acropolis Museum Information Desk (inside museum, beside ticket office). This area serves as the tour departure location. Please remember to arrive at least 15 minutes before the tour departs so you can be checked-in.
Athens Acropolis Museum | Artefacts And Exhibitions:
The museum walk begins with a tour of the Makrygianni archaeological excavation conducted around the east slopes of the Acropolis. Ancient artefacts are laid out before visitor's eyes and fascinating foundations are visible through the bottom gallery's glass floor.
After the Gallery of the Slopes of the Acropolis it's onto the Archaic Gallery. This section of the museum is split into three areas each dealing with artefacts from a period between the 7th century BC and 480/79 BC.
Firstly, there is the Ancient Temple. On display here are large sculptures that once embellished the Second Temple of the Goddess Athena on the Acropolis- commonly known as the 'Old Temple'.
The second area explores the 'Hekatompedon', the oldest temple building on the Acropolis. Its name is derived from 'Hekatompedos neos', meaning '100 feet long', and it is thought to have been built on the same space now occupied by the Classical era Parthenon. You'll see various architectural examples of the classical Doric Order, an ancient Greek style that was popular during the Archaic period (750-480 BC). The Lioness Pediment, once part of the Hekatompedon, depicts a lioness rearing on its hind legs and striking at a calf with outstretched claws. It is believed to have adorned the east side of the temple. Two other wonderful marble compositions include the hero Heracles wrestling with Triton, and a figure known as the 'Triple-Bodied Monster', a chimeric creature consisting of three men conjoined at the waist.
The third highlight of the Archaic Gallery is the Votives Collection. Votives were usually small sculpted offerings made to the Goddess Athena. They commonly took the form of animals and young women known as 'Korai'.
The Parthenon Gallery is a section of the museum dedicated to the Acropolis' most famous monument. It features the sprawling frieze of the Great Panathenaia, 92 metopes depicting various mythological battles such as the Amazonomachy and the Centauromachy, and the Parthenon Pediments, colossal statues illustrating the life of Athena from her birth to victory over the God Poseidon.
The museum's final gallery provides visitors with insights into the Propylaia, the Temple of Athena Nike and the Erechtheion. The Propylaia served as the original gateway to the Acropolis and stood works of art by great Greek sculptors. The Temple of Athena Nike is the earliest Ionic Order temple on the Acropolis and was dedicated to Athena's particular properties as a victor in war and wisdom. The Erechtheion, which is considered the Acropolis' most sacred building, was dedicated to Athena, Boutes, Hephaistos and other gods and hero's. One of its most famous features was that its southern porch was supported by six sculpted maidens known as the Caryatids.
Other exhibitions that await throughout the museum include artefacts of later ancient periods (the 5th century BC until the 5th century AD). Discover the sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, the Votives of the Classical and Hellenistic periods, and the Votives of the Roman period.